Research Consultancy Nature, Daylight, and Health
Nature offers green chances; both mental and physical health can
benefit from exposure to nature.
LightGreen Health focuses on research into
the positive effects of nature on health, but also goes one step beyond.
Nature is not only green, it also brings us natural light; daylight.
Exposure to nature and daylight often goes hand in hand, and optimal
exposure to daylight is quintessential for physical and mental
wellbeing as well.
LightGreen Health supports every phase of
the research into — and implementation of — interventions
with nature and light; optimizing allocation of the
LightGreen chances offered by nature to help
promote and sustain good mental and physical health.
In 2010, I — Femke Beute — graduated (with honours) from
the Master Human Technology Interaction
at the Eindhoven University of Technology,
a Master program at the intersection of psychology and engineering.
At this university I also obtained my Bachelor in
Architecture, Building, and Planning.
During both educational programs, I developed a fascination with the
interaction between our physical environment and health and wellbeing.
During my PhD research at the
Eindhoven University of Technology and
subsequent Postdoctoral research at the
Eindhoven University of Technology and
University of Groningen,
I specialized in the field of
Specifically, my focus has been on the positive effects of nature
and daylight on health.
Research has demonstrated that both nature and daylight exhibit
However, the effects of nature and daylight have rarely been jointly
A missed opportunity, as exposure to green and daylight often go
hand in hand!
In addition to the restorative effects of nature and daylight, the
application of innovative research methods increasingly received my
I have investigated the opportunities for conducting ecologically
valid studies in the realm of everyday life — and outside of
the psychological laboratory — by employing mobile technology
Ecological Momentary Assessment (also
known as Experience Sampling).
During the summer of 2018, I started
LightGreen Wellbeing to substantiate
research into the LightGreen chances of
nature and to enable translation of scientific results to everyday
applications. Due to the frequent assignments in Scandinavia,
Lightgreen Wellbeing moved up North, to
Denmark in 2019, and became
In 2021, we moved even further up to beautiful Norway!
Besides that I started writing children's stories inspired by the
positive effects of nature and daylight on health and creating
educational media explaining the benefits of nature and daylight.
I am also affiliated to both Groningen University
(natural environments) and
Jönköping University ((day)light).
LightGreen Health offers consultancy during
all phases of the research into the effects of green and light as
well as advice for the application of evidence-based interventions
in daily practice.
In addition, you can also turn to me for advise on — and
execution of — experience sampling studies, or ecological
momentary assessments employing mobile technology.
Below, you can find a succinct overview of the services of
LITERATURE REVIEW | WHITEPAPER | FACTSHEETS
ADVICE ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERVENTIONS
(ONLINE) PRESENTATIONS | WORKSHOPS
See the portfolio section for some examples.
For further questions or more information, feel free to contact me.
Learn & Play: Wellbeing of school children
Within the Erasmus+ Strategic Partnership
"Learn & Play: Home edition", the focus is on using digital
media (i.e., gaming) to enhance wellbeing of school children aged 6
to 11 years old. LightGreen Health
this project (for the
) in reporting of the theoretical foundations as well as the results
of a study identifying the relevant wellbeing competencies of
Nature Intelligence - Practice Brief
Within the Erasmus+
project called Nature
Intelligence, the focus is on nature intelligence in non-formal
education to help adolescents connect with nature.
For this project, LightGreen Health
writing the practice brief to inform youth workers about what nature
intelligence is, the practical implementations of nature intelligence
in youth work, and the impact of nature interactions on young people
and society. This project is performed for the
Meta-analysis multi-laboratory replication study nature and stress reduction
A replication study was conducted in ten different labs worldwide
(the Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden, the UK, and USA) to see whether
an iconic study by Roger Ulrich in 1991, where exposure to nature
videos was found to improve mood and lower physiological stress, can
be replicated. LightGreen Health
conducting the meta-analysis for this replication study.
Examinator Innlandet University
In 2021, I also started working as an external examinator for
Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
The courses concern for instance research methodology, and
environmental and health psychology, and are part of the curriculum
of the Psychology department.
Educational videos explaining the effects of light on sleep
In 2021, LightGreen Health
received a grant
to develop educational videos
explaining the general public, and in specific adolescents and
young adults, how light exposure influences our sleep, with
— for instance — a focus on the detrimental effects of
light late at night (e.g., screen use), but also explains what
different chronotypes are and how light can help improve sleep.
The videos are currently under development and will be produced
using stop-motion animation.
External Advisory Board member Multisensory Outdoor Laboratory SLU (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)
From March 2022, I am a member of the advisory board of the
Multisensory Outdoor Laboratory
. This laboratory, Sensola
has the aim to conduct innovative (field) research with the use of
Together with other experts in the field, the aim is to provide
oversight and promote reciprocal arrangements.
Educational Material Light for Health and wellbeing
In a collaboration with Myriam Aries
, we are preparing an
educational reader summarizing the effects of daylight and light on
health and wellbeing.
The focus is both on visual performance and effects beyond vision,
and the reader is initially meant for students of the course
‘Light for Health and Wellbeing’, but further educational
implementations are currently considered.
Review Daylight and Views
In collaboration with
SageGlass this project aims to review the effects of
exposure to daylight and different view types on health and wellbeing.
This review will gather the state of the art in scientific evidence
concerning the benefits of windows for health and wellbeing as well
as the health-promoting effects of outdoor exposure to daylight and
In a previous article (
Beute & de Kort, 2015b,
Salutogenic effects of the environment: Review of health-protective
effects of nature and daylight)
I have made a first overview
of outcomes and underlying theoretical pathways and the present
project will update and complement this knowledge, with a specific
focus on windows. The report can be downloaded here.
Light for Health & Wellbeing Research — Jönköping University
Exposure to sufficient light is important for health and wellbeing.
Timing of the light exposure is crucial, and the daylight curve is
often used as the standard.
We spend, unfortunately, not enough time outdoors to benefit from
the high intensity light offered by the sun (even on overcast days),
mostly because we have employment indoors.
Innovations in lighting systems increasingly enable to do more than
just turn the lights on and off; dynamic light patterns can turn
office lighting into healthy lighting.
But the main question is: which dynamic pattern is best?
we investigate the effects of different dynamic patterns (light
intensity, colour temperature, timing and duration) as well as
individual light sensitivity on wellbeing and performance in two
A third project looks at the light exposure using a bottom-up
approach; what are the dynamics in light exposure of people
throughout the day and how do these patterns influence human
cognition, affect, an behaviour?
In addition, we investigate how lighting conditions can support work
These four projects (TuLiP 1 and 2, DAHLIA,
and DAISY) are co-financed by the
A fifth project, SMILE (co-financed by the
Swedish Energy agency
investigates the application of smart lighting concepts in
EKLIPSE — Systematic review components of nature and mental health
In an innovative Horizon 2020 project
an assignment was issued by the
French Ministry of Environment and the
World Health Organisation (WHO) to
investigate the beneficial effects of individual components of
nature on mental health.
In an international team, two systematic reviews are performed into
the effects of these individual components on mental health.
Specifically, the focus is on elements of blue space (water) and
components of green space.
Will, for instance, a beach visit give different outcomes on mental
health than a visit to a lake, or is the forest better or worse for
mental health than heathland?
LightGreen Health coordinates the systematic
review process and assists in the execution of the structural review
process together with the
Expert Working Group.
The outcome will be two reports; one for Blue spaces and one for
In addition, the outcomes of the two reviews will be presented in a
booklet published by the World Health Organisation.
You can find the Green Space report
and the appendices here.
You can find the Blue Space report here,
and the appendices here.
To download the WHO booklet based on these two structural
reviews click here.
Whitepaper — Give children nature (back)
Children increasingly spend their time indoors, and can be found in
natural environments less and less.
What are the consequences of this growing
To answer this question, I made an overview of the current state of
affairs in the scientific evidence for the beneficial effects of
nature on mental and physical health for children, together with
Agnes van den Berg of
(Nature for People).
This whitepaper was issued by the Dutch National Trust (
) and has the title:
Give Children Nature (Back) (in Dutch:
Geef Kinderen de Natuur (Terug).
More information (in Dutch) about the outcomes of the whitepaper can
be found in
of the national trust.
You can find the report (in Dutch)
We are also working on an English journal publication on this topic.
I also write stories for children.
These stories all incorporate my scientific knowledge on the
LightGreen chances of nature and daylight.
The aim is to inform children and youth about the effects of nature
and daylight in a playful and informal way.
In 2018, my story
Nobody asks (in Dutch:
Niemand Vraagt) won a writing
competition of the renowned Dutch Publisher
together with ScriptPlus (Language Centre Free University Amsterdam).
The competition was held in the context of the children’s book week,
with the theme friendship.
Advanced Topics in Environmental Psychology
University of Groningen
18-02-2020, 17-02-2021, and 21-02-2022
The aim of this master course within the
Environmental Psychology group is to
present students with a critical view on an existing research field.
The course consists of a one-hour lecture, followed by a plenary
The lecture introduced daylight as an integral part of natural
environments, and thus as part of nature’s benefits on health and
Light for Health and Wellbeing
21-02-2019 & 26-02-2019
For the course
Light for health and wellbeing I was
invited to give two guest lectures:
- Results of a field study performed by students in the
previous year, testing the effects of two dynamic light
patterns on affect and performance;
- Restorative qualities of windows (views to nature and
psychological and non-visual benefits of daylight);
In my current position at
Jönköping University, I am
involved in both the
Light for Health and Wellbeing course
and the Lighting Science course.
Seminars / Presentations
Online presentation The Environmental Psychology Conference: What about the weather?
18-19 November 2022
This conference contribution presented a more holistic view on the
benefits of nature by including daily, seasonal, and climatic
fluctuations in the outdoor environment.
Daylight adds a temporal dimension to restoration research, with
cycles of active days and restful nights as well as seasonal
differences in daylight hours and their effects on, for instance,
These temporal dynamics and fluctuations also occur in other weather
elements and highly influence how we perceive the world around us
(e.g., a forest in autumn versus summer) or the restorative
activities we engage in (e.g., skiing in the snow).
In addition, they can also pose constraints on restoration, for
example when we are not able to be active in the park when
temperatures are too high, or when we can’t spend our summer days
outdoors because of bad summer weather.
Online presentation The 9th Velux Daylight Symposium: The benefits of windows.
17-19 November 2022
In this presentation, the results of the scoping review focusing on
the benefits of windows, performed with a grant from
SageGobain (see also my portfolio
The effects were categorized into different settings: home, office,
healthcare, education and discussed both the clear benefits of
windows (and in particular a view and daylight entrance), but also
pointed at a need for future research and for a better integration
of the effects of view type and daylight entrance.
Online presentation Workshop World Health Organisation
World Urban Parks Congress
At this workshop, organized by the
World Health Organisation, I presented the
outcomes of two systematic reviews investigating which green/blue
space type or characteristic is most beneficial for mental health.
These are the results of an EKLIPSE project, see for more
surprise seminar, I discussed the benefits of
green and blue space on health and wellbeing as well as the benefits
of exposure to daylight. The focus was on two very timely topics:
- how to keep cities liveable in times of urbanization, and
- how nature and daylight can contribute to increased
wellbeing and lower stress when working from home during the
University of Groningen
This seminar, with the title
The need for a more comprehensive concept of nature in
, discussed the following: Natural environments are good for us.
But many questions still remain unanswered about what it is
exactly that gives nature its’ salutogenic properties.
Is it the green of the leaves, or the chance to escape stressful
During this talk, I addressed this issue and discussed the
importance of a natural element that is often overlooked in
restoration research; the sun.
It orchestrates our circadian rhythms, but also climatic conditions
and the change of seasons.
How does daylight relate to the beneficial effects of nature?
And looking toward the future: how does climate change influence
nature’s restorative potential?
Seminar in the URSI Lecture series
University of Groningen
Humans benefit from exposure to natural space in many ways.
An increase in exposure to both green (grass, trees, shrubs) and
blue (coast, rivers) spaces have been found related to better
cognitive performance, and better mental and physical health.
These results are relatively well established in within restorative
environments research in experimental and longitudinal studies.
This seminar with the title:
Gaining a better understanding of the benefits of nature:
Differentiation versus Expansion of the concept of nature
discussed two ways to move the field of restoration research
forward; a better differentiation in — as well as
the expansion of — the concept of nature.
First, there is a need for more differentiation in the types and
characteristics of natural environments as well as on differential
outcomes on the individual level.
Many studies take a rather global look on nature as either
blue, but which characteristics and types of
nature are particularly beneficial; is, for example, grass as good
as a tree?
Furthermore, not all individuals may benefit equally from nature
This will be illustrated by looking at children.
Specifically, as yet there is little differentiation between
children and adults. Second, the seminar introduced a more
comprehensive concept of nature.
Nature is more than green and blue space.
What about the role of one of the most endogenous factors in our
daily lives; the sun?
Seminar in the Environmental Lectures Series
During this lecture, with the title:
Nature is more than green and blue space: the implementation
of a more comprehensive definition of nature in restoration
, I discussed that we need to know more about the exact content of
nature and how this affects human health and wellbeing.
In addition, I presented some studies concerning the joint effects
of nature and daylight exposure.
Symposium Green and Health
Reinier de Graaf Hospital Delft
The direct environment can have great influence on health and
In this symposium, a broad outlook on these effects was presented
from different angles: from medication remains in drink water to the
beneficial effects of exposure to nature.
This latter topic was presented by me, looking at benefits of blue
and green spaces, as well as the importance of daylight.
This seminar was aimed at medical professionals and practitioners.
Nature on Prescription
Building a bridge between science and the medical practice was the
assignment during this event in Antwerp.
The focus was on medical and therapeutical applications.
During the workshop
connectedness with nature,
organized by Katriina Kilpi of
and Patricia Mergen of
(botanical garden Meise), I presented the theoretical backgrounds of
conntectedness with nature.
A summary (in Dutch) of the workshop can be found
here and the most important outcomes (also in Dutch) of the workshop
can be found
The list below contains publications in
media attention, and my
Walk it off!
The effectiveness of walk and talk coaching in nature
for individuals with burnout- and stress-related complaints.
Journal of Environmental Psychology, 76.
Assessment protocol and effects of two dynamic light
patterns on human well-being and performance in a
simulated and operational office environment.
Journal of Environmental Psychology, 69.
A Dose of Nature: Two three-level meta-analyses of
the beneficial effects of exposure to nature on
Journal of Environmental Psychology, 65.
The natural context of wellbeing: Ecological Momentary Assessment of the influence of nature and daylight on affect and stress for individuals with different levels of affective mental states.
Health and Place, 49, 7-18
Stopping the train of thought. A pilot study using an Ecological Momentary Intervention with twice-daily exposure to natural versus urban scenes to lower stress and rumination.
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being, 10(2), 236-253.
Wiley Online Library
Restoration in its natural context: How Ecological Momentary Assessment can advance restoration research.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(4), 420.
In sync: the effect of physiological feedback on the match between heart-rate and self-reported stress.
BioMed Research International, ID 134606.
Salutogenic effects of the environment: Review of health-protective effects of nature and daylight.
Applied Psychology: Health & Well-being, 6(1), 67-95.
Wiley Online Library
Let the sun shine! Measuring explicit and implicit preference for environments differing in naturalness, weather type and lightness.
Journal of Environmental Psychology, 36, 162-178.
The Benefits of Windows: A scoping review and research agenda for the effects of daylight and view content on health and well-being.
LightGreen Health: Rena, Norway.
Green and blue spaces and mental health: new evidence and perspectives for action.
World Health Organization.
Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.
Types and characteristics of urban and peri-urban
green spaces having an impact on human mental health
and wellbeing: systematic review.
An EKLIPSE Expert
Working Group report
Types and characteristics of urban and peri-urban
blue spaces having an impact on human mental health
and wellbeing: systematic review.
An EKLIPSE Expert
Working Group report
Powered by Nature. The psychological benefits of natural views and daylight.
Eindhoven: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven.
Seeing the forest through the trees:
Contemporary and future avenues of research.
The international handbook of forest therapy.
Newcastle upon Tyne:
Cambridge Scholars Publishing
, p. 208-219
What about the weather? Towards a more holistic view on
the benefits of nature by including daily, seasonal, and
climatic fluctuations in the outdoor environment.
The Conference on Environmental Psychology, Lillehammer
(and online), November 18-19
The benefits of windows: A scoping review and research
agenda for the effects of daylight and view content on
health and well-being.
9th Velux Daylight Symposium, Copenhagen (and online), November 15-19
Students in good mood appear slower and less accurate:
A pilot study investigating dynamic lighting impact on
students’ perception and performance.
29th Session of the CIE, Washington DC, USA, June 14–22, 2019 1, 1297-1304
Society for Research in Child Development, 21 – 23 March, Baltimore, US.
The environmental psychophysiology of light: lessons for research on restorative environments. International Conference on Environmental Psychology,30 August – 1 September 2017, A Coruna, Spain
moral conflicts in speech: multidisciplinary analysis of affect and stress. Seventeenth
International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (ACII), 23
October – 28 October, San Antonia, USA
Bots mind the
social-technical gap. Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Computer-
Supported Cooperative Work, 28 August – 1 September 2017, Sheffield, United
Mobile technology and Wellbeing – the role of self-regulation. NordiCHI
2016. Mobile Wellbeing Workshop. Gothenburg, Sweden
Beneficial effects of nature on stress
and self-regulation in everyday life for (mildly) depressed individuals. IAPS 24. The
human being at home, work and leisure: Sustainable use and development of indoor and
outdoor spaces in late modern everyday life: book of abstracts.
Enlightened thoughts: associations with daylight versus
electric light, preference formation, and recovery from stress. In M.P.J. Aarts, I.
Kalinauskaite, A. Haans, D. Lakens, L.M. Huiberts, Y.A.W. Kort, de, K.C.H.J.
Smolders, A. .... & F. Beute (Eds.), Proceedings of EXPERIENCING LIGHT 2014: International
Conference on the Effects of Light on Wellbeing, 10-11 November 2014, Eindhoven, The
Netherlands (pp. 74-77). Eindhoven: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven.
The benefits of nature: resource replenishment or
resource expansion? Presented at the 10 th Biennial Conference on Environmental
Psychology, 22 - 25 Se–tember, Magdeburg, Germany
The natural context of
well-being: studying beneficial effects of nature and daylight in daily life using |
experience sampling. Presented at the 10 th Biennial Conference on Environmental
Psychology, 22 - 25 September, Magdeburg, Germany
Framing well-being: how a view to nature and daylight
entrance can enhance health, cognitive performance, and mood in office workers.
Presented at Landscape and Health, Birmensdorf, Switzerland, 24 – 25 January
Vitalize me! Effects of mediated scenes on the
replenishment of self-regulation strength. Presentation at the Preconference
workshop. European Association for Social Psychology, 11-12 July 2011, Stockholm,
Lighting and self-regulation : can
light revitalise the depleted ego. In O. Romice, K. Thwaites & E. Edgerton (Eds.),
Proceedings of the IAPS 22th Conference: International Association People-
environment Studies, 24-29 June 2012, Glasgow(pp. 75-76). Glasgow: Strathclyde
Let the sun shine : Exploring explicit and implicit |
preferences for bright, sunny and natural environments. In J. Ham, A. Haans, D.
Gennip, van, Y. A. W. Kort, de & C. J. H. Midden (Eds.), Presented at Environment
2.0: The 9th Biennial Conference on Environmental Psychology Eindhoven:
Eindhoven University of Technology.
Seeing, thinking, feeling: exploring free
associations with (non)restorative pictures. In J. Ham, A. Haans, D. Gennip, van, Y.
A. W. Kort, de & C. J. H. Midden (Eds.), Presented at Environment 2.0: The 9th
Biennial Conference on Environmental Psychology Eindhoven: Eindhoven University
Can ambient persuasive technology
persuade unconsciously? : using subliminal feedback to influence energy
consumption ratings of household appliances. In S. Chatterjee & P. Dev (Eds.),
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Persuasive Technology 2009, |
Claremont, California, April 26-29, 2009 (pp. article no : 29-1/6). New York: ACM.
Unconscious persuasion by ambient
persuasive technology : evidence for the effectiveness of subliminal feedback.
Conference proceedings of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour (pp. 1-
6). Edinburgh UK.
Conserving energy without cognitive effort
or conscious attention?: the power of ambient persuasive technology to stimulate
energy conservation behavior. In B. Meyer, H.-J. Mosler, H. Gutscher, S. Mischke, &
M. Soland (Eds.) Abstract presented at 8 th Biennial Conference on Environmental
Psychology, September 6-9, 2009, Zürich (pp. 124 – 124). Lengerich: Pabst Science
Creating Healthier Buildings with Environmental Psychology
Groen is Gaan: Doen: Elke dag de natuur in.
Ouders van nu.
For more information, questions, availability and prices you can contact me via email.